An important component of software quality is efficient Test Management. Test Management is basically the practice of organizing and managing the process and assets required for the testing activity. Historically, test management was done simply using pen and paper, eventually being replaced by word processors and spreadsheets. Cut to present day when a plethora of tools and cutting-edge solutions are available for test management.
However, the principles and best practices of effective test management remain the same. Let’s look at some ideal practices for test authoring.
Test Authoring is nothing but capturing the specific steps necessary to complete a given test. This phase addresses the question of how things will be tested. Well-written and defined tests are easier to understand, execute and maintain. Test Authoring can and should improve visibility, enhance traceability and reduce maintenance.
1) Simplicity and comprehension
A well-written test case is inevitably simple and easy to understand and execute. Keep the tests short as much as possible and self-sufficient. Your tests should achieve a unique, modular, functional goal.
2) Keep real-life scenarios in mind
Think like the end-customer when authoring test cases. It is easy to think in abstraction and miss the big picture when defining your requirements. Fleshing out the exact details for each function and feature will help you identify the requirements for each story.
3) Modularity and reusability
There is a prevalent myth that modularity is the prerogative of automated test cases. But it is just as useful and valid for manual testing. Authoring modular test cases enables testers to classify the functionality to be tested into reusable ‘modules’. This approach enhances the maintainability of the test suites and reduces the effort and steps written for each test cases.
4) Start high-level and build details later
It is important that test cases fit into rapid sprints and are ultimately reusable. Test cases should describe what you are testing and the how part should come later. The idea is to start high-level and build the granular, low-level details later.
5) Create an internal standard
Internal team guidelines help teams to write tests in a similar style. If you define your internal standard for test authoring, it will simplify the process of review, audits, sharing, maintaining and re-factoring tests. This is especially true in the context of modern, Agile, distributed and multi-location teams.
Test authoring is at the heart of test design. Creating self-sufficient, modular, reusable and high-level tests enhance the overall structure and traceability. The importance of using the right tool can’t be emphasized enough. The overall ease of use and organization of your tests depends on how best your tool promotes reusability, linkages and traceability. Find out how our tools QMetry Test Management for Jira and QMetry Test Management help Agile teams to test better, faster and more efficiently.